AskDefine | Define surplus

Dictionary Definition

surplus adj : more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the needy" [syn: excess, extra, redundant, spare, supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary] n : a quantity much larger than is needed [syn: excess, surplusage, nimiety]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus.
  2. Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government.
  3. : The remainder of a fund appropriated for a particular purpose.
  4. : assets left after liabilities and debts, including capital stock have been deducted.


excess, overplus
  • Croatian: višak
  • Czech: přebytek
  • Dutch: overschot
  • Finnish: ylijäämä
  • French: surplus
  • German: Überschuss
  • Japanese: 余り(あまり, amari)
  • Russian: излишек, избыток
funds in public treasury greater than ordinary needs
  • Finnish: ylijäämä
  • Japanese: 剰余(じょうよきん, jōyokin)


  1. Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient; as, surplus revenues; surplus population; surplus words.
being a surplus

Extensive Definition

Surplus may refer to:
surplus in Spanish: Superávit
surplus in French: Surplus
surplus in Italian: Surplus
surplus in Portuguese: Superávit
surplus in Simple English: Surplus

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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